Reigning Ladies

Until Queen Beatrix's retirement in 2013, nearly one-half of Europe's contemporary reigning monarchs were women. Today, most of the European heirs are female: in Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands, and Belgium. But it has not always been easy--or even possible--for a female to take power. In fact, none of the most recent ladies (Beatrix in The Netherlands, Margrethe in Denmark, and Elizabeth in The United Kingdom) would have become queen if she had had a brother.  On this page, I am cataloging the reigning ladies of Europe's monarchies. As I build this list, I hope to also begin adding profiles for each of them. Long live the Queen!

REIGNING LADIES

Albania
Joanna of Durazzo
Komnena of Valona
Rudina Balsic

Armenia
Isabella

Austria
Maria Theresa

Bosnia
Jelena Gruba

Brazil
Maria I

British Isles
Elfledda of Mercia
Elfwynn of Mercia
Matilda
Margaret Maid of Norway
Jane Grey
Mary I
Elizabeth I
Mary Queen of Scots
Anne
Mary II
Victoria
Elizabeth II

Byzantium
Irene of Athens
Zoe the Purple Born
Theodora

Cyprus
Charlotte

Denmark
Margaret I
Margrethe II

Georgia
Tamar the Great
Rusudan

Hungary
Mary of Anjou

Naples
Joanna I
Joanna II

Navarre
Joan I
Joan II
Catherine
Blanche I
Blanche II
Eleanor
Jeanne III

The Netherlands
Wilhelmina
Juliana
Beatrix

Poland
Jadwiga
Anna

Portugal
Maria I
Maria II

Russia
Irina Godunova
Catherine I
Anna
Elizabeth
Catherine II

Serbia
Maria Angelina

Sicily
Constance
Maria

Spain
Urraca of Castile
Berengaria of Castile
Petronilla of Aragon
Isabella of Castile
Juana la Loca
Isabella II

Sweden
Christina
Urraca Eleanor

REGENTS

Brazil
Isabel Princess Imperial
Maria Leopoldina of Austria

Denmark
Margaret Fredkulla
Agnes of Brandenburg
Philippa of England
Dorothea of Brandenburg
Marie of Hesse-Kassel

Norway
Ingeborg of Norway

Portugal
Leonor Teles de Menezes
Catherine of Austria
Luisa de Guzman
Mariana Victoria of Spain
Maria Anna of Austria

Russia
St. Olga of Kiev
Sophia

Sweden
Christina of Holstein-Gottrop
Philippa of England

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